There are a myriad of great genetic genealogists out in cyberspace, many with their own blogs. This is an outline of blog posts and websites on various topics that you may find helpful. Since my lessons are primarily geared to giving you an overview of what’s out there in the DNA testing world I intend to point you towards reviews and lessons that speak to one aspect or another of the various products and how to use them rather than get bogged down in the details, since each persons’ needs will very.

Please explore the links below for in-depth looks at each company’s product(s) and how to use them and other tools or subjects listed. These are included because they have good visuals and commentary. This way you can explore the ones in which you are most interested.



Genetic Communities by the DNA Geek

Getting the Most Out of AncestryDNA By Roberta Estes

In Defense of AncestryDNA by Kitty Munson Cooper

New Sharing Feature by Angie Bush via Kitty Munson Cooper

AncestryDNA Launches New Ethnicity Estimate by Blaine Bettinger

AncestryDNA Makes Scientific Breakthrough in West African Ethnicity

Genea-Musings Blog Post on Ancestry DNA New Ethnicity Estimate by Randy Seaver


Autosomal Transfers to Family Tree DNA Roberta Estes

Family Tree DNA Webinars

How to upload AncestryDNA raw DNA data to GEDmatch.com – 2 minute step-by-step guide

Making AncestryDNA Useful by Judy G. Russell–how to download RAW DNA File

Downloading Raw DNA from DNAAdoption

One Chromosome, Two sides, No Zipper: ICW and the Matrix by Roberta Estes

FTDNA releases Updates in Response to Requests from project Administrators by CeCe Moore

FTDNA Family Finder has a New Look by Rebekah Canada

Review of Family Finder Part One Blaine Bettinger

The “In Common With” Feature by Judy G. Russell

Review of Family Finder by Debbie Kennett


Testing and Analysing Big Y Pimer by Dennis White

The Basics at 23andMe by Kitty Munson Cooper 

23andme Basics CeCe Moore video

Tracking your Roots with DNA by Lisa Franklin

Navigating 23andMe for Genealogy by Roberta Estes

Ancestry Composition Examples by Andrea Badger

23andMe’s Ancestry Painting by CeCe Moore

Ancestry Composition–a British Perspective by Debbie Kennett

How to extract start and stop points in Ancestry Composition by CeCe Moore


First Look at the Full Genomes Y-Sequencing Results Guest Review by Itaï Perez


Genetic Genealogy Using Gedmatch

New Utilities at GEDmatch by Kitty Munson Cooper

GEDmatch tools for DNA and Genealogy by Blaine Bettinger

Gedmatch: A DNA Geek’s Dream Site by Judy G. Russell

Gedmatch: A wonderful Tool by Kitty Munson Cooper

What to Do at Gedmatch? by Kitty Munson Cooper

Gedmatch Adds Phasing Tool by Blaine Bettinger

Using GEDmatch from DNAAdoption



Omega Bioservice DNA/RNA Extraction


Mirroring and Shared Ancestors Exploiting techniques for those with unknown ancestors by S99H99
DNA Testing Adoption

Adoptee Finds Family at AncestryDNA by CeCe Moore

Adoption Reunion Search Resources Blog by Diane Harman-Hoog

FTDNA Adoption Project

ISOGG Utilizing DNA testing to break through adoption Roadblocks


Why Triangulation by Roberta Estes

Spreadsheets For DNA Matches by Sue Griffith Making a Spreadsheet of your Autosomal Matches by Kitty Munson Cooper

Kitty Munson’s Chromosome Mapping Tool by Kitty Munson Cooper

Kitty Munson’s Segment Mapping by Kitty Munson Cooper

Triangulation for Autosomal DNA by Roberta Estes

Autosomal Me by Roberta Estes

Introducing the Autosomal DNA Segment Analyzer  by Robert Estes

Autosomal DNA Segment Analyzer by Don Worth via DNAGEDCOM.com

Grandma’s Experience Leave their Mark on Your Genes from Discover by Dan Hurley


Epigentics Forgotten but Not Gone by Roberta Estes

Genetic Genealogy: Looking at the Faces of Our Ancestors BBC News

Society bloomed with gentler personalities and more feminine faces NSF grant findings

Memories Pass Between Generations (Epigenetics) by James Gallagher BBC


Mirror Trees Roberta Estes

Of Mirroring And Shared Ancestors: Exploiting AncestryDNA To Find Biological Families by Dan Edwards
How to Build a Mirror Tree by Resurrecting Roots

I have Created a Mirror Tree Now What by Resurrecting Roots

Mirroring and Shared Ancestors Exploiting techniques for those with unknown ancestors by S99H99


Mitochondrial DNA Mutation Rates and Common Matches by Roberta Estes
Mitochondrial DNA Testing by Debbie Cruwys

Understanding Your mtDNA Full Sequence Results from FTDNA


mtDNA and Its Role in Ancestry by Genebase 3 parts

Mitochondrial DNA Smartmatching by Roberta Estes

The mtDNA Community by Roberta Estes


The Unruly X by Roberta Estes

Whence the X by Judy Russell

Phasing the X by Jim Owston

Family Finder X chromosome Matches by Debbie Kennett


YSEQ has a free utility called Clade Finder.  Download your Ancestry DNA, 23andMe, or MyHeritage DNA raw data file, leave it zipped. It will pull out an YSNPS in your atDNA test


“Cheat Sheet File” recommendations
Tim Jantzen’s chart of estimated relationship based on shared cM

Template for Y-DNA and mtDNA Haplogroup Trees by Sue Griffin

Visual DNA from FTDNA

Number of Ancestors by Diana Gale Matthiesen

Cousin / Relationship Chart by Diana Gale Matthiesen

Cousin relationships with lots of removals  by Paul Stoneburner

FTDNA’s FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)–great resource, lots of good material

YSTR Frequencies from Robert Casey

Inheritance of the X from Blaine Bettinger

More on the X from Blaine Bettinger


Books I found informative (not necessarily that I agree with on all counts
 Who We Are and How We Got Here: Ancient DNA and the New Science of the Human Past by David Reich 1018
The Girls Who Went Away by Ann Fessler 2007

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
by Rebecca Skloot 2011

Finding Family: My Search for Roots and the Secrets in My DNA by Richard Hill 2012

The Juggler’s Children: A Journey into Family, Legend and the Genes that Bind Us by Carolyn Abraham 2013

The Language of Life: DNAand the revolution in Personalized Medicine by Francis S. Collins 2010

Pearl’s Secret: A Back Man’s Search for his White Family Neil Henry 2001

The Horse the Wheel and Language: How the Bronze Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes shaped the modern World by David W Anthony 2007

Blood of the Celts by Jean Manco 2015

Ancestral Journeys: The Peopling of Europe from the First Venturers to the Vikings by Jean Manco 2013

Britain Begins by Barry Cunliffe 2013

Neanderthal Man: In Search of Lost Genomes by Svante Pääbo 2014   

The Discovery of Middle Earth by Graham Robb 2013

The Surnames Handbook: A Guide to Family Name Research in the 21st Century by Debbie Kennett  2012

DNA and Social Networking: A Guide to Genealogy in the Twenty-First Century by Debbie Kennett 2011

Surnames, DNA & Family History by George Redmonds, Turi King, and David Hey 2011

Bringing Your Family History to Life through Social History by Katherine Scott Sturdevant 2000

You Can Write your Family History by Sharon DeBartolo Carmack 2003

Sightseeking: Clues to the Landscape History of New England By Christopher J. Lenney 2003

Pendragon : The Definitive Account of the Origins of Arthur Steve Blake and Scott Llyod 2002


Louise Coakley’s Genetic Genealogy Links

Journey of Man Interactive Map

Molecular DNA Genealogy Video

Ancient DNA Tells a New Human Story Wall Street Journal 2015

DNA Basics You Tube Video

DNA Primer : Genealogy Beyond the Y Chromosome

How Blue Eyed Parents Can Have Brown Eyed Children

FTDNA’s FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
The Joy of Stats. Not about DNA but enjoyable and worthwhile 
DNA Basics

ISOGG: Testing Company Comparison Chart
ISOGG: Chart of shared percentages
Glossary of Genetic Terms
FTDNA Project Administration ISOGG Wiki Links

The advantages of Working with a One World Tree by Kitty Munson Cooper

How Many Ancestors do we Have?

Your Family: Past Present and Future by Tim Urban

Native Anerican DNA by TL DixonHow many Ancestors did I have 1000 years ago? by Kitty Munson Cooper

Getting Started in DNA Testing for Genealogy by CeCe Moore 

What if you Die? by Roberta Estes

Genetic Genealogy Bloggers a Review by Judy G. Russell

Life After Death by Judy G. Russell on collecting samples of the recently departed

Clauder Family DNA by Adam Dunn includes screenshots of various products

What Else Can I Do With My DNA Test Results by Blaine Bettinger

Autosomal DNA, Ancient Ancestors, Ethnicity and the Dandelion by Roberta Estes

Genetic Genealogy and the Single Segment by Steve Mount

How Many Ancestors Do We Share? by Luke Jostins

The Testing of DNA holds a Bright Future by Robert Casey

Young African Genetic Testing by David Faux a how-to-guide for AIMs and small bits of admixture


Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey the You Tube version Fascinating This  full length documentary is available in parts on You Tube
National Geographic The Human Family Tree the You tube version—Truly inspirational! This  full length documentary is available in parts on You Tube
Faces of America 4 part series from PBS first two available here or all on Netflix
Fascinating Interview with the Founder of FTDNA Explains lots of questions.

Presentation on DNA Analysis and Ancestry by Mike Mulligan Nov 2016 (good coverage of ancient YDNA and more recent use of atDNA especially in Ireland


Find A Grave (U.S.)

Locate My Name

Genuki UK & Ireland

German surname distribution
Mapping Tool for US and Canada

Your Family: Past, Present and Future by Tim Urban

Types of Collateral Relationship

Grave Symbols. from Grave Addiction

What Does that Say (Handwriting deciphering)

Transcription Tool 


Y-STR haplotype reference database (YHRD)2-2011 Extracted by K. Wheaton
Y-STR Mutation rates

Older version Y-STR Allele Frequencies

Gene Linkage
McGees UtilitySuper sitefor advanced info

Haplogroup Predictor

McGee Advanced MRCA Calculator


Wikipedia’s article on Y-STR Has a good Mutation Chart (More recent one below)

Interesting information on odds of a match
Autosomal DNA article of interest
Journal of Genetic Genealogy

International Society of Genetic Genealogy
ISOGG 2012 Haplogroup Tree and Information
Europedia’s Geographic Spread and Ethnic origins of European Haplogroups
Y-STR Standards

Converting % of Genome to cM Source: Tim Janzen from Rootsweb AUTOSOMAL-DNA mailing list, 12 Apr 2014. 
“My extraction and interpretation from this: When using 23andMe data (autosomes + X-chr), divide the total cM by 74.4 for females (two X-chromosomes) and 72.6 for males (one X-chromosome) to get the percentage of the genome that two people share. In Build 37, per Family Inheritance: Advanced, there are 7438.6 cM when combining the autosomal DNA and the two X chromosomes in females and 7256.8 cM in males – and 7074.6 cM for just the autosomes.

When using Family Finder (FTDNA) data (autosomes + X-chr), divide the total cM by 71.6 for females (two X-chromosomes) and 69.6 for males (one X-chromosome) to get the percentage of the genome that two people share, or if just using the autosomes, divide by 67.7 (both sexes). There are 7158.06 cM when combining the autosomal DNA and the two X chromosomes in females and 6962.13 cM in males – and 6766.2 cM for just the autosomes.”

Kelly Wheaton Copyright 2020. All Rights Reserved

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