The SHELDONs of Derbyshire belong to the very old HAPLOGROUP E. E comes out of Africa and into the Mediterranean and Finally into Europe. The percentage of Halpogroup E in England is about 2%. There are no matches in the FTDNA Block tree within the past 5,000 years! So not only is this a very old Haplogroup it is quite rare.
The majority of then men testing positive for E-L674 are from the Middle East. My best guess is that it originally traveled to Rome via a slave and then was carried to England via a Roman soldier.
Group B SHELDONs are still of unknown origins in England. 67% of YDNA in England is R1b (of which U106 is descended) and is the most prevalent YDNA in Europe. The following is their tree . This is a very productive and widespread Haplogroup.
The path of Group B SHELDON goes out of Africa to the Middle East , then Far East back into Eurasian Steppes in the Bronze Age, into Celtic Europe and then Up to Viking lands before arriving in England. This is part of a very large and Prolific Branch of Haplogroup R called U106.
The above Phylogenetic Tree shows the progression of SNPS from U106 to the Group B SNP S15663 and set’s them up against historical time frames. We can see that the SNP U106 occurred about 45000 years ago and the S15663 occurred about 100-200 BC.
Age of Major Branches:
U106 = about 3000 BC
Z18 = about 2400 BC
S5695 = about 1300 BC
Z156 = about 2900 BC
DF96 = about 2100 BC
Ancient U106 skeletons have been discovered in Prague, Czech Republic dating 4300 years ago.
Perhaps the most interesting is an ancient skeleton from York which is not only U106 but also DF96>S11515 positive! This would be as close as we can currently get to the SHELDON Group B DNA which shares a common ancestor with this skeleton. He is known as 3-Drif6 or 3DT6 the DT standing for Driffield Terrace where the bodies were discovered. It has been speculated that these graves were Roman Gladiators because they were buried with their decapitated heads and because of the age and number of fractures. Our poor 3-Drif6 had fractured teeth, evidence of foot fractures, a rib fracture and healed fractures to two of his nasal bones. He was 26-35 years old. More about the gladiators here. A video on the Headless Gladiators here.
Because we have enough Big Y results for Group B SHELDON we can build a phylogenetic Tree coming forward in time. We begin with the SNP FGC62079 which is just below SNP S15663 (see above Eupedia Tree) and as you can see includes many surnames. Below it is the SNP BY35166 which to date only includes those bearing the SHELDON surname. THIS SNP then Defines SHELDON Group B! It includes both Group B Progenitors: John (13) SHELDON and Isaac (8) SHELDON (part of the Sheldon Family Association nomenclature). Those in Group B1, the Descendants of Isaac (8), have a SNP FGC74472 which is not found in descendants of John (13), thus creating a major subdivision. John (13) descendants are further separated by the SNP FGC73741. Descendants of John 1, 2, Isaac 3, Thomas 4 are positive for this SNP and descendants of his brother John 1, 2, Isaac 3, Robert are negative so we know this SNP occurred in Thomas! This is how testing can help identify branches and so SHELDONs can establish there line even if there is no paper Trail with relatively inexpensive SNP testing. Cost for a single test at YESQ.org is $18 (plus one time charge for a kit of $5). With more testing we will be able to further identify branch SNPS.
Group D has no members who have done a Big Y. We estimate they are part of R1b-L21. 67% of YDNA in England is R1b.
Please compare this Map with the Group B SHELLDONs above. You will note they are identical to SNP R-310. Even though they YSTRS appear to be close they took very different paths.
Group F SHELDON has done a Big Y test. Haplogroup J2 is 3.5% of the population of England.
The Haplogroup J that ends up in Scotland and then Birmingham likely traveled to Britain via a Roman soldier.
|Markers in Panel Tested||Maximum Number of Mutations Allowed|
|12||0 unless in a common project, then 1|
SHELDON Results colorized Page YDNA Results page at FTDNA
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